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MLA Style Writing Guide: Optional Elements

Date of Original Publication

For works that have been republished, you can add the original publication date to your source if it provides additional insight the reader might need. This date will come immediately after the source title and is followed by a period. 

Franklin, Benjamin. "Emigration to America." 1782. The Faber Book of America, edited by Christopher Ricks

and William L. Vance, Faber and Faber, 1992, pp. 24-26. 

City of Publication

Publishers that publish works in more than one country may publish different versions in each country. In this instance you can include the city of publication to distinguish between the different versions. Put the city name in your reference before the publisher name. 

Rowling, J. K. Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone. London, Bloomsbury, 1997. 


Additionally, for works published before 1900, you may need to use the city of publication in place of the publisher's name. 

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Conversations of Goethe with Eckermann and Soret.

Translated by John Oxenford, new ed., London, 1875. 

Other Facts about the Source

You can include other facts that might help someone find the source, if necessary. This information would come at the end of the citation. For example: 

  • Total number of volumes for a multi-volume work:

Rampersad, Arnold. The Life of Langston Hughes. 2nd ed., Oxford UP, 1992. vols. 

  • Series name if the work is part of a series; do not italicize the name or place it within quotation marks:

Neruda, Pablo. Canto General. Translated by Jack Schmitt, U of California P, 1991. 

Latin American Literature and Culture 7. 

  • Type of work if it could be considered unusual (e.g. Transcript, Lecture, or Address):

Fresh Air. Narrated by Terry Gross, National Public Radio, 20 May 2008. Transcript.  

  • Information about prior publication forms:

Johnson, Barbara. "My Monster / My Self." The Barbara Johnson Reader: The Suprise 

of Otherness, edited by Melissa Feuerstein et al., Duke UP, 2014, pp. 179-90. 

Originally published in Diacritics, vol. 12, no. 2, 1982, pp. 2-10. 

  • Documents and other information from the United States Congress may need to include the number and session of Congress it is from:

United States, Congress, House, Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence. 

Al- Quaeda: The Many Faces of an Islamist Extremist Threat. Government

Printing Office, 2006. 109th Congress, 2nd session, House Report 615. 

Date of Access

Since online works can more easily be changed, you can include the date of access at the end of your citation. This is especially important for online works that do not have a publication date. 

Russell, Tony, "MLA Formatting and Style Guide." The Purdue OWL, Purdue U Writing Lab, 

12 Sept. 2016, 11 Oct. 2016.