If one of the following applies to your use of an item, permission from the copyright holder is not needed:
There are several options when determining to whom a permissions request should be directed:
If available, follow the copyright holder's expressed preference for permission requests (i.e., online form, fax, mail, email, etc.). Make the process easy for the copyright owner. The less effort the owner has to put forth, the more likely you are to get the permission you need.
These are a few points that are worth consideration:
Regardless of how you make the request, be sure to include the following pertinent information:
Model Permission Letters
There are four possible results for your request:
This page is licensed by a Creative Commons Attribution License with attribution to its author Dr. Kenneth D. Crews (formerly of Columbia University)