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AMA Writing Guide: Home

This research guide provides a brief introduction to the AMA 11th edition.


The American Medical Association (AMA), the publisher of the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA), has its own manual of style. This guide provides a brief introduction to general AMA 11 guidelines for writers. The information provided here is taken from the AMA Manual of Style, 11th Edition, and from Liberty University's Writing Center AMA 11 guidelines

Students can find helpful instructions, templates, and tutorials on AMA via Liberty University's Writing Center.

AMA 11 provides separate formatting guidelines for papers with a non-structured abstract and for papers requiring a structured abstract. Citation and reference guidelines remain the same for both paper types; however, these paper types differ in how writers organize and report their research findings.

For students writing papers requiring a structured abstract, the following headings should organize the paper's structure: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion (IMRAD). 

Citation Help

Keeping track of citation styles does not have to be difficult. The Jerry Falwell Library offers Refworks (log in here) to help you keep track of the references you are using and to assist you with citing your sources. 

RefWorks can output your paper's reference list in many citation styles, including AMA. It is important to verify that your reference list is in the correct format, so make sure that each citation is correct in RefWorks. A short video on using RefWorks is included below to assist you in getting started.