When writing reports that require a structured abstract, your work will contain the following headings, at minimum, to organize your work: Introduction, Methods, Results, and Discussion. While you will likely utilize additional headings and subheadings, these aforementioned headings should provide the overarching structure of your work. The IMRAD format is commonly used for reports written in the medical, health, biological, chemical, engineering, and computer sciences.
As you read journal articles, notice that scientific publications also follow the IMRAD format. In this example, the authors structure their work around the headings: background, methods, results, conclusions.
Introduction- Why is this research important?
Methods- How did you conduct your research?
Results- What are the results of your research?
Discussion- What do your research findings mean?
Abstract- Summarize your entire research study.
Common Weaknesses in IMRAD Reports
Wanting Methods Section
Unfocused Results Section