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Social Work : APA Style

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Amanda Hahn
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When should I be using citations?

Must be cited:

  • Direct quotes, paraphrasing, or summarizing
  • Ideas, or references to ideas, that you obtained from somewhere
  • Internet sources that give you useful background information

Doesn't need to be cited:

  • Primary research that you conduct
  • Ideas that emerge (but are significantly different) from what is discussed in class, on the discussion board, etc.
  • Common knowledge (i.e., most everyone knows it)

How do I provide an in-text citation for a source quoting an additional source/author?

It is often beneficial to locate the original source and then quote and cite from that source directly. If you cannot access the original source and must use the secondary source then you will only include the secondary source within your reference list. Here are two examples of how this would be cited within the body of your work:

Allport's diary (as cited in Nicholson, 2003).

(Rabbitt, 1982, as cited in Lyon et al., 2014)

Refer to sections 8.6, 8.32 and 8.33 in the APA 7th edition manual for additional information.

SOURCE: American Psychological Association. (2020). Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (7th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1037/0000165-000

Citation Help

Introduction to APA Style