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Education Research Guide: EDUC 703

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Lyn Mathews
JFL Curriculum Library, JFL Terrace Level

EDUC 703 Theories of Historical and Social Foundations of Education Resources

Spiritual Formation

Recommended Journals

The following journals contain articles related to spiritual formation.

  • Christian Education Journal (Fall 2010: The entire journal for this date is dedicated to articles about spiritual formation)
  •  Journal of Research on Christian Education
  • Journal of Psychology and Theology
  • 20th Century Religious Thought
  • Journal of Spirtual Formation & Soul Care

Sample Articles

Below are some sample articles written about spiritual formation. They are listed under the name of the database where they were found.

Proquest Religion database

Steibel, S. R. G. (2010). Christian education and spiritual formation: One and the same? Christian Education Journal, 7(2), 340-355. 

Long, L. M. (2015). Christian spiritual formation: An integrated approach for personal and relational wholeness. Christian Education Journal, 12(1), 227-230. 

Christian Periodical Index or Gale 

Houston, J. M. (2011) The future of spiritual formation. Journal of Spiritual Formation & Soul Care, 4(2), 131-139.  


Vasquez-Levy D. (2014) Biblical fluency: Living under God’s influence. Currents in Theology and Mission 41(3), 173-179.  

Buker, B. (2003). Spiritual development and the epistemology of systems theory. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 31(2), 143. 

McClaren, B.D. (2013) After the maps change: Children, youth, and a church yet to be. Family and Community Ministries, 26, 116-124. 

Education Research Complete 

Fortosis, S. (2001). Theological foundations for a stage model of spiritual formation. Religious Education. 96(1), 49-64.


The Oxford handbook of psychology and spirituality. (2012). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Balswick, J. (2005). The reciprocating self: Human development in theological perspective. City, ST: InterVarsity Press. ILL

Fowler, J. (1995). Stages of faith: The psychology of human development and the quest for meaning. New York, NY: HarperCollins Publishers.

Paloutzian, R.F., & Park, C.L. (Eds.) (2013). Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality. New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Roehlkepartain, E. (Ed.). (2006). The handbook of spiritual development in childhood and adolescence. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Theories in Developmental Educational Psychology/Christian Perspective

Sample Articles

Cook, K. V., & Leonard, K. C. (2014). A relationally integrated systems model for faith and learning in developmental psychology. Journal of Psychology and Theology, 42(2), 150-163. Retrieved from

Espinoza, B. D., & Johnson-Miller, B. (2014). Catechesis, developmental theory, and a fresh vision for Christian education. Christian Education Journal, 11(1), 8-23. Retrieved from|A364437685&v=2.1&it=r&sid=summon&userGroup=vic_liberty&authCount=1

Parker, S. (2006). Measuring faith development. Journal of Psychology & Theology, 34(4), 337-348. Retrieved from

Sinc, C. A., Cleveland, R., & Stern, J. (2007). Spiritual formation in Christian school counseling programs. Journal of Research on Christian Education, 16(1), 35-63. Retrieved from

Streib, H. (2004) Extending our vision of developmental growth and engaging in empirical scrutiny: Proposals for the future of faith development theory.  Religious Education, 99(4), 427-434. Retrieved from

Sample Books

Barrett, J. (2012). Born believers: The science of children's religious belief. New York, NY: Free Press.

Browning, D. S. (2010). Reviving Christian humanism: The new conversation on spirituality, theology, and psychology. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press.

Issler, K. D., & Habermas, R. T. (1994). How we learn: A Christian teacher’s guide to educational psychology. City, MI: Baker Books.

Johnson, D. L. (Ed.). (2010). Psychology and Christianity: Five views (2nd ed.). Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press.

McGee, R. S. (2003). The search for significance: Seeing your true worth through God's eyes. Nashville, TN: Thomas Nelson.

Vozzola, E. (2014). Moral development: Theory and applications. New York, NY: Routledge.

Additional subject terms for searching
Developmental psychology
Religious education
Educational psychology


More information on the list of philosophical persons explored in the course and course text.

Topics for Further Study

  • Confucius ideas on virtuous living
  • The Great Learning
  • Socrates and Realism
  • Plato and Idealism
  • Plato’s ideas on meticulous deliberation
  • Aristotle’s reaction to Plato’s meticulous deliberation
  • Desiderius Erasmus’ view of education
  • Johann Amos Comenius’ prescriptive model outlined in the Great Didactic and his development of the Orbus Pictus
  • John Calvin’s views on education
  • Thomas Aquinas and the Thomistic tradition
  • John Stuart Mill and virtuous, utilitarian, individualism in education and the liberal education era
  • Herbert Spenncer and the liberal education era
  • Thomas Jefferson and his view of civic education
  • Horace Mann and the Common School Movement
  • Robert Owen and his idea of New Harmony
  • Jane Addams and urban education
  • Jean-Jacques Rousseau and Naturalism
  • Friedrich Froebel and Kindergarten
  • Maria Montessori and early childhood education
  • William Chandler Bagley and traditionalist education
  • Mary Wollstonecraft women and education
  • Mohandas Gandhi views of developing an enabled society and their influence on education
  • W.E.B. Du Bois and African American rights
  • Paulo Freire and educational “banking”